is a disease where the body either cannot produce insulin or does not
properly use insulin.
There are approximately 17.9 million
children and adults in America diagnosed as a diabetic.
This does not include another estimated 5.7
million undiagnosed with this disease.
The cause for
this disease still remains a mystery.
However, it is believed that genetics, obesity,
lack of exercise and even stress can contribute to the onset of this
Learning to understand the different types and how
manage this disease is critical for your health as a diabetic.
Types of Diabetes
are several different types of diabetes. Each one is explained in more
I diabetes is generally diagnosed in children and young
As a Type I diabetic your body is unable to produce insulin which is a
hormone needed to convert sugar, starches and other foods into
is the most common form for those people who have been
diagnosed as a diabetic. As a type 2 diabetic you have an
deficiency combined with insulin resistance which means your body does
not properly use the insulin produced.
Those diagnosed as a
2 diabetic can benefit by weight loss. Losing weight can keep
blood sugar levels lower, improves your health and you will feel
diabetes occurs in pregnant women usually late in the
This happens to about 4% of pregnancies in America.
prone to this are those that may have had high blood sugar prior to
becoming pregnant but were not a diabetic.
unsure of how this happens they have some clues.
pregnancy the hormones in the placenta help the baby grow but these
same hormones can block the action of insulin in the mother’s
is a condition where your blood glucose levels are high but not yet at
a level to be considered a type 2 diabetic. Almost all type 2
diabetics first had pre-diabetes first.
If you have an
blood level you can take action to manage these levels and prevent or
delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
If you suspect you have
elevated blood sugar levels you should check with your
Additionally, eating healthy, exercising and losing weight are key to
helping manage your blood sugar levels.
5 million Americans are believed to have this disease but are yet to be
This is primarily because many people do not
the symptoms. Studies show that by recognizing and diagnosing
this disease early can minimize the risk of diabetic
Many of the symptoms are the same for Type I
Type 2 diabetics. In both cases, there is too much glucose in
blood and not enough in your cells.
This can result in
signs which include;
- Frequent Urination
- Constant and Unquenchable Thirst
- Unexplained Weight Loss
- Extreme Hunger
- Blurred or Changed Vision
- Tingling or Numbness in Hands, Legs or Feet
symptoms include dry itchy skin, frequent infections or cuts and
bruises that take a long time to heal.
If you have any of
symptoms you should contact your doctor immediately so the appropriate
tests can be run and the diabetes treated.
There are several
different tests that can be run to help your doctor with the proper
Types of Testing
are several tests that you doctor could run to help determine if you
are a diabetic or at risk for this disease. All tests are
generally confirmed by retesting on another day.
Blood Glucose Test
test is the most preferred test and is best done first thing in the
morning. However it can be done after more than an 8 hour
If the results are 126 milligrams per deciliter
this would indicate a diagnosis of diabetes pending confirmation of
retesting on another day.
If the results are 99 or
this is considered normal and 100 to 125 are considered
Glucose Tolerance Test
test involves drinking a beverage that contains 75 grams of glucose
dissolved in water. If after 2 hours from drinking this
the mg/dl is 200 this would be an indication of being
Results that are 139 and below are normal and 140 to 199 are considered
pre-diabetes. Again all test results are usually confirmed by
running a second test on another day.
random test is taken at any time of the day to measure the blood sugar
levels. If the results of this test exceed 200 mg/dl along
demonstrating symptoms of diabetes this would be a good indication that
you are at risk or have this disease.
Your doctor would
run the oral glucose test to confirm the results of the random testing
Type 2 Diabetics-Managing Blood Glucose
type 2 diabetics still produce insulin there are ways you can help
manage blood glucose levels in addition to any medication your doctor
Loss with Diabetes
you are a type 2 diabetic you should consult with your doctor and
nutritionist before starting any weight loss
lose weight the right way that will keep your blood sugar balanced
during the full day. Skipping even one meal for a diabetic
upset the balance of blood sugar, medications and insulin in your
Experts recommend reducing calories by 500 per day
which is a safe level for diabetics. Reduce calories from all
areas to maintain a healthy balanced meal.
The ideal ratio
be 50% - 55% carbohydrates, 30% fat and 10 to 15% protein according to
Christine Gerbstadt, MD, a spokesperson for the American Diabetic
Association. Check out the diabetes food pyramid
to make the right food choices.
The key for diabetics is to choose their foods
wisely, especially the carbohydrates. Be sure to read this
article for more on diabetic
Check out these low carb diet reviews
here to see if one is right for you. There are many benefits
of this type of diet.
has been linked to the onset of diabetes that dates back to the 16th
century. Stress for a diabetic also can throw your blood
levels and insulin levels all out of whack.
aware of the foods they eat and the impact they can have on their blood
sugar level. But unfortunately this is not always the case
In fact, many diabetics and those with pre-diabetes
not even be aware that stress can cause elevated blood sugar
If you are a diabetic, then you need to understand
in order to help manage your insulin and blood
more active has health benefits for just about everyone but can be
especially beneficial for type 2 diabetics.
manage type 2 by improving your body’s use of insulin,
promoting weight loss and muscle strength.
can benefit you by reducing risks of heart disease, lowers blood
pressure and helps relieve stress.
Although any exercise can be
beneficial, there are times where you may want to wait to exercise or
select a different exercise routine if you have elevated blood glucose
levels. Read this article on exercise
to learn more.
are concerned that you may be diabetic, then you should consult your
doctor so you can start to manage your blood glucose levels.
Learn to eat healthy and lose weight to control your blood sugar
levels. Eating healthy not only helps with this disease but gives you
many more medical benefits.
Don't feel like getting up and moving about? Try these motivational tips to get you started on your workouts today.
Cinnamon for Weight Loss
This tasty spice can help you lose weight and help manage your glucose levels.